What Chemicals Do Exterminators Use For Roaches

Exterminators combat roach presence through the use of a variety of chemicals or pesticides. One important fact about most chemical pesticides is that they aren’t limited to a specific pest type.

In other words, a chemical insecticide product may be useful in killing roaches, bed bugs, fleas, termites, ants, crickets, etc.

Here are what to expect and the steps to take after roach spraying.

5 Chemicals Exterminators Use For Roach Control

Most pesticides used by professional exterminators come in concentrates which are further diluted before application. It’s also important to state that these chemical insecticides are mostly recommended for professional use.

This means that not everyone should handle such products as they could be harmful.

What Difference is there between Over-the-Counter Insecticides and Commercial Insecticides?

The easiest way to differentiate between the two is in their strengths. Most of the chemical insecticides used on roaches by exterminators come in concentrate formulations.

Now, exterminators are skilled and experienced and know just how much of the product needs to be diluted.

Also, the strength of the chemical after dilution counts in its efficacy. Chemical insecticides used by exterminators are designed for commercial use.

As such, they cover a wider area than those sold in small quantities and designed for non-professional use.

Specialized equipment is needed to apply commercial insecticides. This also includes protective gear such as gas masks and spray among other things.

Over-the-counter insecticides on the other hand are premixed.

In other words, these are ready for application but have a limited coverage area. Generally, over-the-counter insecticides won’t perform a thorough elimination of roaches.

You’re likely to find roaches still roaming your home after treatment.

Why Certain Chemical Insecticides are Preferred by Exterminators over Others

Roaches can prove to be elusive especially when using common over-the-counter insecticide products. There are several possible explanations for this, including the likelihood of improper application.

This is mostly the case for homeowners who never take the time to carefully follow the use instructions.

Exterminators have a better understanding of cockroach behavior including their favorite hiding spots, breeding behavior, and preferred food choices.

Such knowledge coupled with a potent chemical insecticide goes a long way to rid a home of such pests.

The constituents of popular insecticide products will largely determine whether they’re picked by professionals or not. Further details on constituent chemicals contained in some insecticides will be discussed shortly.

Chemicals Used By Exterminators For Roaches

A wide range of effective chemicals exists for roach extermination purposes.

These are mostly designed for professional use. In other words, only a trained professional like an exterminator should handle such products due to their toxicity levels.

Here, we’ve included some of the most popular commercial insecticides which include hydramethylnon, fipronil, piperonyl butoxide, pyrethrins & pyrethroids, and boric acid.

These chemicals have consistently proven to be effective against roaches and other pests.

There’s little wonder why these have been preferred by exterminators. Let’s get into the details by taking a look at each of these chemicals.

  • Hydramethylnon

Unlike other chemicals used for roach extermination, hydramethylnon is slow-acting.

This is why it’s preferred by exterminators to be used as baits. As mentioned earlier, this chemical also kills a wide range of other pests such as termites, silverfish, and crickets among many.

It can take as much as 3 to 4 days for hydramethylnon to take its full toll on roaches and other pests. It’s popularly used as bait. This means roaches won’t get killed immediately they ingest it. It takes a long time before its effect sets in.

Is hydramethylnon? Not exactly! It’s only safe when precautionary or safety actions are adhered to. Plus, it’s been listed by the EPA as a carcinogen.

It may lead to irritation of the eyes and respiratory tract when your protective covering or gear isn’t used.

  • Fipronil

Fipronil is another chemical that’s used by exterminators for a variety of pest issues. Common pests like roaches, termites, fleas, ticks beetles, and the likes are easily eliminated using fipronil.

However, this isn’t ideal for everyone. It’s only approved for professional use due to associated risks attached to its use.

Fipronil comes in different forms including powder, liquid, and granules. There’s no need to state how it’s used because exterminators are trained for such. Plus, it comes with its directions for use.

Roaches and other pests are killed by this chemical through its central nervous system disruption process. Here, it bonds to the nerve endings of pests resulting in major disruptions to bodily processes.

  • Piperonyl Butoxide

This chemical is quite a mouthful to pronounce.

However, it gives you the results you seek against a wide range of pests especially cockroaches. It’s classified by the EPA as a carcinogen. Piperonyl butoxide isn’t used as a stand-alone roach extermination chemical, rather, it’s combined with others for best results.

It works in combination with other chemicals such as pyrethrins to inhibit metabolism in roaches. Exterminators know just how much of this chemical to mix with others for desired results.

It’s important to avoid the unprofessional use of this chemical for purposes of safety.

  • Pyrethrins & pyrethroids

A lot of the pesticides being used today contain a certain percentage of permethrin.

This is a key active ingredient that belongs to the pyrethroid family. These are designed to mimic pyrethrins. Pyrethrins and pyrethroids are key chemicals used for combating a wide range of pest issues including roach presence.

They’re a favorite for most exterminators because they pose the least risk to humans and mammals while giving the needed results. Nevertheless, you mustn’t apply in water bodies or close to water bodies as it can be poisonous to aquatic creatures.

This shouldn’t be a problem when your roach situation is being treated by an expert. Professional exterminators are trained in safe practices. Plus, they know what’s safe to use in a given situation.

  • Boric Acid

Boric acid is naturally occurring and a safe roach treatment option for anyone using it. It is one chemical that’s widely used by homeowners as well as professional exterminators.

Apart from roaches, boric acid can be used for bed bugs, fleas, and ant extermination.

Chemicals used by exterminators for roach control have been the focus of our discussion. Apart from boric acid, it’s important to avoid the DIY application of such chemicals as safety levels are significantly increased.

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