7 Types of Fumigants – Side Effects and Safety Considerations

What common chemicals are used in fumigation? Fumigation is an efficient pest control method that is used the world over.

These consist of a variety of chemicals and active ingredients.

This guide seeks to discuss fumigation chemicals as well as how these are applied to different insect pests. These are effective in dealing with both moderate and chronic pest infestations.

Wherever you are in the world and however difficult your pest situation is, using the right fumigation chemicals can get you quick relief. These are applicable to both commercial and residential uses.

So, let’s get into the details of these chemical fumigants without further ado.

Types of Fumigation Chemicals

  • Dichloronitroethane

This is a fumigation chemical that has proven quite effective in combating pest infestations.

While very efficient in eliminating pests, you should be wary of its corrosive nature especially metals in moist conditions. This fumigation chemical is used for agricultural purposes such as exterminating soil pests as well as those in stored farm produce.

Because it irritates the eyes, you should be careful when applying it. Its best to wear protective gear to avoid inhalation as well as prolonged exposure to the eye.

  • Propylene Dichloride

Propylene Dichloride is another effective fumigation chemical used for domestic and commercial purposes. It is very toxic to insect pests and the directions for use should be strictly adhered to. When applying this fumigant, wearing a protective gear is highly recommended.

However, you may want to obtain expert advice in determining which fumigant best suits your pest needs.

  • Carbon Disulphide

This fumigant is perfect for use in due to our hot tropical climate which supports volatilization of the chemicals.

Although it is highly effective in eliminating insect pests, it has its hazards as well. Sudden explosions have been known to occur when being applied as well as the likelihood of burning.

When applying this fumigation chemical, you should avoid inhaling the fumes by wearing protective equipment.

Prolonged exposure to this fumigant can lead to unconsciousness and eventually death. Due to its highly flammable nature, it is mixed with non-flammable mixtures for increased safety. It comes in metal cans or drums which need to be stored in cool well ventilated spaces or rooms.

Whenever in use, you should avoid leaving it in direct sunlight as heat from the sun could ignite it. This fumigant comes with specific instructions on how it should be used. You should endeavor to follow every instruction regarding its direction for use.

  • Ethylene Oxide

Ethylene oxide exterminates a wide range of insect pests. This fumigant is flammable and will need to be mixed in a non-flammable carrier. Like most fumigants, Ethylene Oxide is toxic and can lead to a variety of respiratory diseases, skin and eye irritation among others. It is commonly used in exterminating insect pests in agricultural and food produce.

The exact specification(s) for applying this fumigant is clearly written on the label. There are instructions for use that you should not ignore. Applying the right dosage is essential to obtaining desired results.

  • Ethylene Dichloride

Ethylene Dichloride also known as EDC is yet another fumigant which you can purchase for your pest problems. While eliminating your pest problems it can also be toxic to you as well. To protect yourself, you can use a respirator when applying it. It acts fast on all forms of insect pests with remarkable results obtained in a short time.

  • Ethylene Dibromide

Ethylene dibromide is a fumigant you will find very useful in exterminating all forms of insect pests. Whether your pest problems are residential, commercial or agricultural in nature, this fumigant has you covered. While it gets the job done, it is very toxic too. This fumigant causes skin irritations. Prolonged exposure can damage vital body organs like the liver and kidney among others.

Standard safety measures should be adopted when applying this fumigant. This includes putting on protective clothing and chemical masks to guard against inhalation.

  • Hydrogen Cyanide

This fumigant is among the most toxic fumigants you can find. Although very effective, there has been a gradual decline in its use and elsewhere. It is soluble in water and turns to acid. As a result, it is irritating to skin. It acts fast on insect pests by paralyzing them before killing them.

Before using this fumigation chemical, you should take time to read through the instructions carefully.

Hydrogen cyanide is used for the control of a variety of pests including agricultural pests. The right protective gear is necessary due to its toxicity.

Consult an Expert on the Best Fumigation Chemical to Use

It is not enough to walk into any chemical store to purchase a fumigant of your choice. The only exception to this is if you are skilled in its handling. Otherwise you should seek the services of an expert. There are several companies which provide highly professional fumigation services.

These companies provide comprehensive pest extermination services using the best fumigation chemicals to eliminate the problem completely. Each of these companies has a team of technicians who visit your property to find out the level of infestation.

After assessing the level of infestation, the best approach is discussed and applied.

Hiring experienced hands for your fumigation job affords you greater peace of mind and eliminates the risks that may result from improper use of the fumigation chemicals. You will be educated on fumigant precautions and how long you should wait after fumigation for safety reasons.


We have seen the different fumigation chemicals and how effective these are in providing lasting solution to pest problems. Wherever you are in the world, these chemicals are readily available. We have also seen that these can either be applied indoors as well as for agricultural purposes.

If you will be doing he fumigation yourself, ensure you go through the instructions carefully.

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