How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs Fast
Bed bug infestation is a problem no one would like to experience. Most times people have no idea how such pests invaded their homes.
However one thing that is common to all is how to get rid of these pests as fast as possible. To make matters worse, bed bugs are nocturnal pests. This means that bed bugs can make your life a living hell as they bite to feed on blood. A tremendous amount of itch results from this feeding behavior which keeps you awake.
We have written some of the effective ways to rid your homes of bed bugs. These strategies have proven effective and will help you keep your home free no matter the insect infestation level.
The Stages of Development of a Bed Bugs
bed bugs have 5 stages of development. Understanding these stages has proven to be very useful in getting rid of these pests. During their lifespan (usually 5 to 6 months and even up to a year), all nymphs pass through these 5 stages before becoming adults. It is common knowledge that bed bugs like all insects have an exoskeleton. This exoskeleton is shed at the end of each stage. Are they replaced with anything? Of course they are replaced with new exoskeletons.
- The First Stage
Here, the nymphs are considered immature and unable to start breeding. However, they will feed on blood as an adult bed bug would. At this stage, nymphs are only 1.5 mm in length once they are hatched.
- The Second Stage
At this stage of development, nymphs (young/immature bed bugs) grow to 2 mm. Apart from the growth/development; every other thing remains the same. This includes feeding. Human blood serves as a primary source of food/livelihood.
- The Third Stage of Development
After attaining a particular level of growth (usually 2.5mm), nymphs shed their exoskeleton. The development stage is continuous especially when there is a steady source of food which your blood provides.
- The Fourth Stage
Like other stages of development, bed bug nymphs will grow to an average size of 3mm long after molting. This steady development continues as long as they feed well.
- The Fifth and Last Stage of Development
This is the last stage of bed bug development before it becomes fully matured enough to start breeding. At this stage, the average size of the nymph is 4.5mm long. It will normally take around 5 weeks after this stage for the nymph to turn into a fully matured adult. Bed bugs have one of the longest lifespan among insect pest. This is a worrisome situation for anyone having a bed bug infestation problem. You will have to find effective measures to get rid of these pests.
- Do Bed Bugs Spread Disease?
Since bed bugs cause a lot of discomfort to humans, people wonder if they spread disease. If you have also asked this question before, it will interest you to know that they do not. However the itchy feeling caused by their bites can lead to excessive scratching. This can expose the skin to infections. This is as far as it goes for bed bug bites. There is no gain saying that having a bed bug infestation is something you do not wish to experience.
- Identifying a Bed Bug Infestation
Getting rid of bed bugs starts by identifying an existing infestation. Most times, people confuse bed bug bites with flea or mosquito bites.
However there is a clear difference if you know what to look out for. If you suspect such, inspect your skin in the morning. If there are itchy red spots or blisters on your skin in which are distributed in a zigzag or straight line patter, then you may be looking at a clear case of bed bug infestation/bites.
- How Bed Bugs Find their Way into your Home
There are many ways bed bugs get into homes. These pests are likely to be found most in places with a lot of human traffic.
Such include commute, in hotel rooms, school campuses, used furniture, theaters, restaurants, Laundromats, hospitals, locker rooms, churches, motels and many such locations. They latch onto your clothes and get carried about and eventually ending up in your home. These are major sources of most bed bug infestations.
- Bed Bug Hiding Spots
After identifying a bed bug bite, you have a clear case of infestation. However, having knowledge of bed bug hideouts is of utmost importance to being able to get rid of them. These pests are known to be quite evasive hence you need to be able to find one in order to confirm that you have an infestation problem. Bed bugs can hide in a lot of places within your home.
Within your home, bed bugs will likely be found around the sitting and bedrooms. These are places you relax or sleep, hence are perfect locations for feeding. If you have any clutter around your room(s), such present the perfect hiding spots for bed bugs. Clutter provides several hiding spots for bed bug.
Such conditions are ideal for bed bugs to thrive and multiply thereby worsening an infestation.
How to Get Rid of bed bugs in the House Permanently
There are several effective methods to get rid of bed bugs. These range from calling in the experts/exterminators, using traps, steamers, powder, bug sprays, freezing or cryogenics, using heat treatment and insect growth regulators. Pest control services may use any of these or a combination of the above insect extermination measures to obtain a desired result.
Let’s briefly explain some of the above-mentioned methods;
Calling an Bed Bug Exterminator
Exterminators play an important role in the provision of comprehensive pest control services. Many pest control companies will offer free inspection services and quotes to clients. Specialized equipment as well as sniffing dogs can be used for such purposes. Based on the results of the inspection, an exterminator will recommend the best extermination method that fits the situation at hand.
As mentioned earlier on, this may include one or a combination of several methods. The aim is to get the best results within an acceptable time frame.
The Use of Bed Bug Traps
Traps are a great way to get rid of bed bugs with the least difficulty. Bed bugs are non flying and do not hop.
Hence, once a host is located for feeding, they need to crawl all the way. This makes it easy to trap them. Bed bugs are attracted by warmth as well as carbon dioxide released when you sleep. Whenever one of these pests finds you, a pheromone is released to help the others locate where the feast is. There are two main types of bed bug traps; passive and active traps.
Passive Bed Bug Traps
Because bed bugs will have to move from wherever they are to your bed to feed, your bed post or legs are where to focus on. There are DIY traps as well as those you can easily purchase over the counter. If you would want to try a DIY trap, Vaseline or any sticky substance can be used. This is applied on all four legs or posts of the bed. Another type of trap is using a double sided tape on all four legs as well.
Whenever bed bugs try to climb up to feed or come down after feeding, they are trapped by the stickiness of the Vaseline/sticky substance as well as by the tape. On the other hand if you prefer buying a bed bug trap from the store, they cost an average of $25. A set or pack contains four of such traps. These are in the form of double cups with one inside another and are meant for each leg of your bed.
When bed bugs try to climb up your bed, they have to go through the traps. Both cups contain sticky substances. The one below traps bed bugs trying to climb up to feed while the one above traps those climbing down after feeding.
Active Bed Bug Traps
Like the name implies, active traps will actively seek to get rid of bed bugs by attracting them using the same principle applicable to humans. Your body emits heat/warmth as well as carbon dioxide during respiration. Active traps also emit same in a bid to attract these pests. The best part about using active bed bug traps is that even during your absence, it helps eliminate bed bugs.
bed bugs are tricked into believing that there is a source of food close by. When they climb into the trap, they suddenly slip down a slippery/smooth surface where they are unable to get out. Active bed bug traps are more expensive and have a cost range of $50 to $450.
Steam Treatment for Bed Bugs
Steamers are used with a combination of several extermination methods. These are used with a steam having a temperature of 140 ͦF. This is applied directly to the affected area and left to last up to 2 hours in a bid to kill off bed bugs and their eggs.
Pest control companies may use this bed bug extermination method alone or with a combination of other methods. These and several other extermination methods are effective ways to rid your home of all bed bug.
Getting rid of bed bugs has been a major concern for most home and business owners. No method can be adjudged to be better than the other as each extermination method has its own advantages as well as disadvantages.
Also, multiple methods may be combined depending on how severe the infestation is. After an inspection a bed bug exterminator will recommend the best strategies to rid your home of bed bugs.