There are different ways to get rid of insects and arthropods ranging from biological, chemical to physical control methods. A lot of times, when things get beyond a tolerable level and create discomfort, we need to apply adequate winged and non-winged insect control measures.
It is in view of this that we will discuss insect repellent and other forms of control. Insects are found everywhere. Although tiny, their presence can sometimes become unbearable when their numbers exceed economically tolerable levels.
However, to effectively control ants and other insects in your house, we need to identify their source. This usually includes eliminating their breeding grounds among others. Whether you need residential or commercial insect control, the steps to be followed are similar.
Some of the most common insects include spiders, roaches, mosquitoes, termites, ants, wasps, flies, bed bugs and many more. These cause damage to property (such as termites), and spread diseases like malaria (spread by mosquitoes). To keep yourself safe, you need to adopt effective control measures.
Insects also cause damage to plants and crops like weevils, grasshoppers, caterpillars etc. Their activities require urgent treatment measures. This is what this article is about. We will discuss effective ways to keep these insects at bay.
Insect Extermination Strategies, Products and Devices
- Bed Bugs
- Palmetto Bugs
- German Roaches
- Brown Recluse Spiders
- Carpenter Bees
- Dust Mites
- Spider Mites
- Drain Flies
- Yellow Jackets
- Sugar Ants
- Carpenter Ants
- Japanese Beetles
- Flour Beetles
- Indian Meal Moths
- Silverfish Bugs
- Black Widow Spiders
This article will focus on 2 major areas;
- Insect control for residential and commercial properties
- Outdoor insect control for farm crops
1) Residential and Commercial Insect Control
Residential and commercial pest control services are mostly in-door focused. However outdoor preventive treatments can be taken. This may include getting rid of stagnant water and cleaning drainage among others.
For such services, individual or commercial clients may require the services of extermination companies to get the job done.
DIY Residential Insect Control is common for many households. It is mostly adopted when insect infestation is not full blown. In other words, the infestation levels are manageable and can be treated using several DIY methods. Some popular ones include;
Focus on the Source
Get rid of water leaks. Because insects need water, leaky water pipes provide the perfect conditions for them to fester. You need to keep all dry food in tightly sealed containers and food crumbs swept away immediately. Food odors should also be eliminated using a solution containing 1 part of water and 1 part of vinegar. This solution should be used to wipe every surface that comes in contact with food.
Roaches and other types of insects target drainage for food. In order to eliminate your drainage of any leftover food, half a cup of vinegar and an equal part of soda should be poured down the drain. This should be followed with boiling water after 5 minutes. Trash should be disposed properly, and your trashcan should have a lid.
Use Essential Oils
Essential oils are known to be very effective against insects. For effective insect control, use a spray bottle to mix a 1 to 2 tea spoons of essential oils with a cup of grain alcohol. This should be sprayed all around your home. The following are some essential oils you can use; lemon grass, rosemary, lavender, citronella, geranium, lemon eucalyptus, peppermint, patchouli, tea tree and peppermint.
These are effective as homemade killers for pests such as mosquitoes, flies, chiggers, fleas, ticks, ant killers, spiders, ants and gnats among others.
Commercial Insect Control: Insect infestation is not limited to residential properties alone. Businesses or commercial property owners are also faced with such problems. Under commercial insect control, treatment may be required for multiple business outlets. Such may include restaurants, daycare, hotels and lodges etc.
For commercial insect control, the best method to adopt is using the services of pest control companies. They are skilled in handling different pest infestation scenarios. Different commercial entities may require different approaches to be adopted for best results. For this, the professionals will provide better services.
2) Outdoor or Agricultural Insect Control
Insect infestation is also a problem for farmers. Like residential and commercial insect control, this also has several treatment methods that fall under biological control, mechanical control, physical control, Integrated Pest Management IPM and chemical control. Let’s discuss each of these starting with;
Biological Insect Extermination
Under the biological treatment option for insect infestation, insect pathogens such as fungi, viruses and bacteria are used in the control of insects. This is a popular method that adopts the deployment of beneficial organisms to ensure that destructive insects are kept at bay. When seeking the services of pest control companies, this option is available to be used alone or with other equally effective pest control methods.
Mechanical Insect Removal Methods
The use of mechanical insect control is best suited for small scale pest infestations. This is mostly used by gardeners and other small sized farm holdings. It is also used in homes as well. So what is this method all about? It involves the use of water spray to dislodge insects from plants as well as tilling soils to expose insects to predators like birds or even to desiccation.
Mechanical insect control also includes picking these insects (especially large ones) off of plants. Doing this on a large-sized farm is not possible. However it can be used in conjunction with other pest control methods.
Physical Insect Control
Physical pest control is common and involves the introduction of physical barriers to prevent insects from gaining entrance or access. Such include greenhouses which keep out insects, window screens, plant collars and similar physical control measures. This method of insect control can be used in homes as well.
Integrated Pest Management IPM
This is a more holistic approach to combating pests. It involves the merging of multiple pest control methods that are highly effective and environmentally friendly. It will only use environmentally damaging methods as a last resort. This method is continually evolving with better pest control options incorporated.
Chemical Insect Control
Chemical insect control is widely used across the world. This is the use of chemicals (which are either synthesized or natural) to eliminate insects, inhibit mating or cause irritation to insects. These include irritants. These disrupt the reproductive habits of insects as well as ensure they do not feed on plants. Chemical insect control requires frequent application.
Other types of chemicals are insecticides. These are used not to repel or irritate but to totally eliminate! While this insect control option has been very effective for insect control, it is known to have an adverse effect on the environment. Compared to other listed methods, the use of chemicals for insect control is has proven to be the most efficient for large-scale commercial agriculture.
Apart from being used for agriculture, this is widely used for eliminating disease carrying insects especially mosquitoes. While chemical insect control has found wide application, it also has its disadvantages. In many situations, this has also affected beneficial non-target insects and organisms in addition to being hazardous.
When to Contact the Insect Pest Control Experts
Lots of times, people prefer DIY methods of treating insect infestation. However when it becomes overwhelming, professional help is sought. An overwhelming situation may result when treatment methods used do not seem to show positive signs. Under such conditions, you may be concentrating on the effects and ignoring the cause.
By treating the effects, you may get only a short period of relief before the problem returns. This is where professionals step in to examine the problem and provide lasting solutions.
We have seen that effective insect control is a delicate process that requires a thorough understanding of the problem at hand, and applying the right treatment procedures. Whether you need pest control services for residential or commercial properties, there are different alternatives you can adopt as provided here.
You need to go through each of these to find out what suits your insect extermination needs.